application of gauss law

**Ok hello friends now we have come to the next level of gauss law which is application of gauss law . in this article we all learned so many application of gauss law , i suggest you that if you not know about gauss law in easy language so please first visited this page which is what is gauss law ? so that you might be introduced gauss law vary well.**

**So now let’s start with basic examples and then go to the next level as iit's level ok.**

**As we also read in the next page , the electric field due to the semicircle, so let's use that formula to solve some most important basic question.**

Our first question is :

**If we take a semicircle and provide a negative charge density on it then charge density will flow over semicircle and the full semicircle will be charged with λ so find an electric field due to it?**

Ans:

**While solving this question when negative charge on semicircle, keep some point in mind:**

**Electric field due to negative charge particles towards the charged body so in this case electric field will be towards semicircle and electric field due to positive charge always away from the charge .**

**Electric field due to a negatively charged body is the same as an electric field due to a positively charged body.**

**So electric field due to negative semicircle is:**

**E = 2k𝝀 / R**

**Now we are going to solve question on gauss law :**

{application of Gauss law applicable on regular closed surface bodies like sphere, cone , square, cylinder and so on , not an open body like circle, plane , disc, annular and so on.}

{application of Gauss law applicable on regular closed surface bodies like sphere, cone , square, cylinder and so on , not an open body like circle, plane , disc, annular and so on.}

**As we have discussed electric flux or number of electric field lines passing through one surface of cube when a charge is placed in the center of the cube if not known so check this page electric flux .**.

**Q. Now let's know what is electric flux or number of electric field lines passing through a cube plane which is made by combining four cube.**

By seeing image if we talk about number of electric field line passing through all cube surface then by gauss law :

**𝞍E = Q Enclosed / 𝞊**

{

**this is number of field lines passing through hole cube}**

So let’s separate out one by one faces to calculate flux :

When we separate half part of the cube then the electric field ?

**Now when we remove half of the cube then charge is placed on the vertex of two cube and now if we see carefully then we find that electric fields line basically passing only four surfaces 1,2,3 and 4 of each cube.**

So number of electric field lines passing through only two surface of both cube will be:

𝞍E = (Q Enclosed / 𝞊)*(1/4)

𝞍E = Qinclosed / 4𝞊

So now let’s remove one cube more to calculate electric flux passing through only one surface of all cube (due to if we find electric flux passing through one surface of all cube , it means that flux passing through individual surfaces of the cube also same.)

So number of electric field lines passing through only two surface of both cube will be:

𝞍E = (Q Enclosed / 𝞊)*(1/4)

𝞍E = Qinclosed / 4𝞊

So now let’s remove one cube more to calculate electric flux passing through only one surface of all cube (due to if we find electric flux passing through one surface of all cube , it means that flux passing through individual surfaces of the cube also same.)

**Now when we remove all cubes except only one , electric field lines passing only three face of cube 1, 2 and 3:**

**𝞍E = Qinclosed / 8𝞊**

**Let's assume charge is pleasing on the edge of two cube or center of four cube so number of faces from which electric field lines pass is 8 so by unitary method electric field lines passing through only one face is 1/8 times of electric field lines that is the electric flux.**

**𝞍E +𝞍E +𝞍E + 𝞍E + 𝞍E + 𝞍E +𝞍E + 𝞍E = Qinclosed / 𝞊**

𝞍E = Qinclosed / 8𝞊

𝞍E = Qinclosed / 8𝞊

### Lets understand it more clearway 👍

Now we place a charge on the edge of plane surface and let’s find out electric flux passing through plane surface is :

So in this case if we observe that all electric field lines pass parallel to the plane surface , there are no electric field lines passing through the surface.

So due to angle between electric field vector and area vector is 90 so

**𝞍E = EAcos(90)**

{as we know cos 90 = 0}

So 𝞍E = EA* 0

𝞍E = 0

{as we know cos 90 = 0}

So 𝞍E = EA* 0

𝞍E = 0

**So flux passing through the plane surface in this case is zero**.

**Let’s back our topic**

So when charge is pleasing on the edge of the cube then three planes are there (above case) from which there are no electric field lines passing (a , b ,c) and only three planes are there from which electric field lines are passing through it (1 ,2 ,3).

**So electric flux passing through only one plane is the same as the remaining two planes.**

S

**o 𝞍E + 𝞍E + 𝞍E = Qinclosed / 𝞊**

so 3𝞍E = Qinclosed / 𝞊

𝞍E = Qinclosed /3 𝞊

so 3𝞍E = Qinclosed / 𝞊

𝞍E = Qinclosed /3 𝞊

**Now I think you understand the concepts very well. If you are facing any problem then read again this article from we have started the cube problem and am sure this time you will understand very w**ell.

**learn more :**

- electric field and application (in easy way )
- electric force most important concepts with examples
- charge density (linear, area, volume with most helpful important examples )
- in-depth about charge with experiments
- what is electric flux: know every things about it with iits examples
- Application of gauss law

### Now let’s take cone problem:

**Electric flux of cone**(when charge pleased in center of cone)

**As we will see in this case charge is placed in the center of the cone so first let’s learn what is electric flux passing through the curved part of the cone.**

**So if we take any ring and pass electric field lines through it from distance h the number of electric field line passing is 2Q / 5𝞊.**

**So number of electric field lines passing through curved surface is****3Q / 7𝞊 (given).**

**And total electric flux passing through the cone Q / 𝞊 .**

**So let’s find electric flux passing through a curved surface.**

=

**total flux - flux due to plane**

= (Q / 𝞊) - (3Q / 7𝞊 )

= 4Q / 7𝞊

= (Q / 𝞊) - (3Q / 7𝞊 )

= 4Q / 7𝞊

**So 𝞍E( curved) = 3Qinclosed /7 𝞊**

And 𝞍E(plane) = 4Qinclosed /7 𝞊

And 𝞍E(plane) = 4Qinclosed /7 𝞊

**let‘s take linear charge not point charge and then find out electric flux due to it.**

### Charge in side body

**Linear charger :**

**Cylinder:**

**Let’s take a cylinder and placed a linear charged rod which is passing through center of cylinder and charge density of rod is lambda (λ) .( if you want to learn more about charge density and its application so please visit this page also )**

**So due to the linear charged rod placed inside the cylinder all electric field lines pass through curved surface not plane surface due to the area vector of the plane surface is perpendicular to the electric field line and we know cos 90 = 0 .**

**So electric field passing through curved surface or cylinder is :**

∮E . dA = Φnet = Qin / ɛ

= Qin / ɛ

{ Qin = λL }

= λL / ɛ

∮E . dA = Φnet = Qin / ɛ

= Qin / ɛ

{ Qin = λL }

= λL / ɛ

**∮E . dA = Φnet = λL / ɛ**

S

**o number of electric field line passing through cylinder is λL /ɛ.**

#### Cone:

**Now in this case a linear charged rod is placed into the cone and it is passing through the center of the cone.**

**This is the same case as we read above: electric flux passing through a plane is zero and all electric flux will be passes through a curved surface.**

**So electric field passing through curved surface or cylinder is:**

∮E . dA = Φnet = Qin / ɛ

= Qin / ɛ

{ Qin = λ( area of curved face ) }

{area of curved surface is √ (L^2 - R^2)}

= λ[√ (L^2 - R^2)] /ɛ

∮E . dA = Φnet = λ [√ (L^2 - R^2)] /ɛ

∮E . dA = Φnet = Qin / ɛ

= Qin / ɛ

{ Qin = λ( area of curved face ) }

{area of curved surface is √ (L^2 - R^2)}

= λ[√ (L^2 - R^2)] /ɛ

∮E . dA = Φnet = λ [√ (L^2 - R^2)] /ɛ

**So............................number of electric field line passing through cone is λ [√ (L^2 - R^2)] / ɛ.**

**Cube :**

**Now we take a cube and a linear charge in diagonal of it which is charge density λ (lambda).**

**So electric field passing through cube is:**

∮E . dA = Φnet = Qin / ɛ

= Qin / ɛ

{ Qin = λ( length of diagonal ) }

{area of curved surface is √3 a}

= λ[√3 a] / ɛ

∮E . dA = Φnet = λ [√3 a] / ɛ

∮E . dA = Φnet = Qin / ɛ

= Qin / ɛ

{ Qin = λ( length of diagonal ) }

{area of curved surface is √3 a}

= λ[√3 a] / ɛ

∮E . dA = Φnet = λ [√3 a] / ɛ

**So number of electric field line passing through cone is λ [√3 a] / ɛ.**

**Circle (my favorite )**

**Now we take a circle which equation [ X^2 +y^2 + Z^2 = 4^2] and pleased three linear charged rod in which two are positive charge and one is negative charged rod and all linear charged rod are passing through center of circle.**

**Charge density of first rod = 2λ**

Charge density of second rod = λ

Charge density of third rod = - λ

Charge density of second rod = λ

Charge density of third rod = - λ

**So by equation of circle [ X^2 +y^2 + Z^2 = 4^2]****So 4^2 represent r^2 (radius square )****So r = 4**

**As we can see in figure linear charge rod passing through diameter of circle (D = 2r)**

**So enclosed charge due to first linear charge = 2λ * D**

**= 2λ (2 * 4)**

= 8 * (2λ)

= 8 * (2λ)

**Similarly enclosed charge due to second linear charge = λ * D**

**= λ (2 * 4)**

= 8 * (λ)

= 8 * (λ)

**enclosed charge due to third linear charge = -λ * D**

**= -λ (2 * 4)**

= 8 * (-λ)

= 8 * (-λ)

**So number of electric field lines passing through all circle due to these linear charges:**

**Φnet = Qin / ɛ**

Φnet = [8 * (2λ) + 8 * (λ) + 8 * (-λ) ] / ɛ

Φnet = [16λ ] / ɛ

Φnet = [8 * (2λ) + 8 * (λ) + 8 * (-λ) ] / ɛ

Φnet = [16λ ] / ɛ

**So number of electric field line passing through circle is [16λ ] /ɛ.**

Electric flux (when surface charge density placed)

Electric flux (when surface charge density placed)

Coming soon……………

**learn more :**

** **

- electric field and application (in easy way )
- electric force most important concepts with examples
- charge density (linear, area, volume with most helpful important examples )
- in-depth about charge with experiments
- what is electric flux: know every things about it with iits examples
- Application of gauss law